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Kidney ailments on rise, warns expert

Kidney ailments are increasing alarmingly, said the head of Nephrology department at Max Hospital Dr Puneet Arora on the eve of World Kidney Day. He said that a staggering 850 million people worldwide are now estimated to have kidney diseases from various causes. He added that the acute kidney injury (AKI), an important driver of CKD, affects over 13 million people worldwide and 85 percent of these cases are found in low and middle-income countries like India. Around 1.7 people are estimated to die annually because of AKI. “CKD and AKI are important contributors to increased morbidity and mortality from other diseases and risk factors, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, obesity as well as infections such as HIV, malaria, tuberculosis and hepatitis. Furthermore, CKD and AKI in children, not only lead to substantial morbidity and mortality during childhood but also result in medical issues beyond childhood, ‘’ he said. The kidney diseases expert informed that as per the recent data provided by ICMR, new cases of chronic kidney disease registered last year have shown an increase of 20 percent. He said that transplantation is considered the most cost-effective treatment of CKD. However, it has high set- up costs with regards to infrastructure and requires highly specialized teams, availability of organ donors and cannot be done without dialysis backup. “Although women are more likely to donate a kidney, they are less likely to receive one from living or deceased donors,’’ he said. The experts are of the view that by adopting healthy lifestyles like access to clean water, exercise, healthy diet and control on smoking help in preventing kidney- related ailments. Thursday, 14 March 2019 | PNS | Dehradun

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