To mark the World Environment Day on Wednesday, several tree plantation drives were carried out on Tuesday across the district by various organisations. Experts stressed on the importance of tree plantation and curtailing pollution.
Educationist KC Pandey said, “Tree plantation is not the responsibility of single group of persons, but it is moral and social responsibility of each one of us.”
The Indian farmers have lately been forced to use artificial fertilisers, insecticides, pesticides, and the ‘green revolution’ has actually proved to be the greatest bane in India say the scientists. D S Bhargava, former professor of environmental engineering and pollution control at IIT Roorkee and AIT Bangkok said, “Instead of adding these chemicals in calculated, controlled and properly supervised amounts, the mostly illiterate farmers unaware of scientific and environmental implications indiscriminately used much higher quantity of these chemicals than scientifically needed, aiming for bumper crop yields of bigger vegetable-fruit sizes with zero damage by the insects and pests. The excess unused chemical fertilisers and insecticides stay in the fields only to enter the various water resources with rain-water and irrigation run-offs thereby contaminating the various water resources.”
The plastic waste toxicants draining into the water bodies apart from the harmful chemicals cause the menace of eutrophication resulting in conversion of Indian lakes and ponds into marsh-lands and ultimately the death of such water bodies.
Purushottam Sharma Gandhiwadi, former president of Ganga Mahasabha said, “Unlike in the developed countries, Indian rivers like Ganga and Yamuna are worshipped and their waters are also drunk for religious rites. So the Indian rivers must necessarily have a good water-quality fit enough to drink directly and this is possible only when not a drop of any wastewater is allowed to enter the river.”
Suggesting the way out Bhargava said, “This is easily possible by creating a barrier between the river and the city through the construction of a dam like structure or a retaining wall on either or both sides of the river depending on the development pattern of the city. Between the stated dam and the city, a covered-canal (or large sewers) can be constructed to tap all the wastewater generated in the city.”
This waste water which is actually good for crops can be given to the farmers. The manure-rich wastewater can be pumped to farms during drought periods enabling the farmers to produce organic-food-crops and earn more profit.
Thursday, 06 June 2019 | PNS | Haridwar
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