A programme was organised at the UIHMT College on the occasion of the World Cancer Day on Monday. Addressing the students, the vice- chancellor of the HNB Garhwal Medical University, Hem Chandra Pandey said that they must stay away from substance abuse and make the people aware of the reasons leading to Cancer.
The chairman of the institute, Lalit Joshi said that smoking and consumption of tobacco are major causes of cancer. A debate on ways to make a society free from drug abuse was also held in the college.
SHEWA organized a Cancer awareness talk
Cervical cancer occurs because of a viral infection, caused by the human pappiloma virus (HPV). The incidence of cervical cancer is higher in rural areas than in cities. In cities, breast cancer is very common. Herpes is a cause for cervical cancer. Then again, bad local hygiene, too many children, not enough spacing between children, low nutrition levels and early marriage all contribute to the risk factors for this kind of cancer, said Dr. Sujata.
The awareness level in Cities is considered to be higher than in smaller towns and villages, and people there have better access to resources, the number in metros is seen to be less. However, some women – no matter where they are – are more vulnerable than others. The high risk group includes girls who have had premature sex as teenagers, those who have had multiple pregnancies or multiple sex partners and don’t use contraceptives, she said.
A Pap smear test, even if it is done once a lifetime, can save you from cervical cancer. If you are in the reproductive age group, regular check-ups with your gynaecologist, even once a year, is a must. Menopausal women are also not
completely safe from cervical cancer, as seen in certain cases; hence it is always advisable to go for a check-up. Vaccination against HPV at an early age is the best way to prevent the disease, doctors add. Not all types of HPV are carcinogenic, and HPV types 16 and 18 contribute to 70 percent of the cervical cancer cases. Eearly screening and greater awareness about breast cancer has made a difference, whereas in cases of cervical cancer there are differences of opinion about treatment and preventive measures. For instance, though there is a vaccine available to prevent cervical cancer, its use in India remains limited given high costs and concerns about its efficacy and long-term safety. Sujata added.
Tuesday, 05 February 2019 | PNS | Dehradun
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