The title itself gives the clue. There can be only one Goal of life whereas there can be various Goals in life. In the different stages of life the human endeavor is to attain certain excellence in life. Now we have to consider the various Goals of life, their importance in life and the ultimate Goal of life for which we have been given human life which is elusive even for Gods.
In Childhood it is gathering the Sanskars and Knowledge. Vidya and Siksha are two important Goals at this stage. The child not only gathers knowledge but also develops his potential. He learns the basic tenants of human life. The child also gets training of Brhamcharya i.e. restraining the senses. The achieving of these Goals creates a Platform for a person for upliftment of human life.
The next stage is when a person readies himself to tackle the worldly affairs. He takes on the responsibility to raise a family. He gets into married life and raise children. This is essential for progress of the human race. The Goals at this stage is to bond with a person of opposite sex through institution of marriage. Enter in the household responsibilities of Grahastha and engage in productive activities like agriculture, education, Industry, business, service for enrichment of the society. In this stage of life, one is engaged in different aspirations i.e. Kamas. However our Rishis have prescribed restrained fulfillment of aspirations and utilization of resources earned for welfare of the society. One important task at this stage is to provide good sanskars to newer generation
The next stage of life is Vanprastha which is preparatory to retirement. This is the stage when a person has almost completed his worldly responsibilities. One has to devote more and more time for the works relating to welfare and upliftment of society. The last stage is Sanyas i.e. complete detachment from worldly affairs and to align the soul with the Almighty.
The four stages of life are indicative of the partition of human life. It is not water– tight separation though. It indicates the overwhelming attitude towards life in certain stage of life and accordingly the goals of life are determined. However, qualities developed or required at certain stage are also useful to some extent in other stages also. It is rare nowadays that one attains purposeful and active life for hundred years. The active life span is of about 70-80 years. Therefore it will be useful to combine the Vanprastha and Sanyas together and one tries to achieve the goals of these stages of life simultaneously.
During the four stages of life, one Goal of life runs through constantly. This Goal is Dharma. Dharma should be understood in its real sense and should not be confused with the different methods of praying to God. Dharma is the essence of human life. It is to attain unity and merger of soul with the Parmatama. For this it is essential that one’s intellect is refined and is always willing to help out the intellect of others. The spread of good thoughts is the best way of serving the society. Thought transformation is the need of the hour. Our Dharma is to serve this beautiful garden- the planet Earth. The various rivers of Goals of life should flow towards this ultimate Goal of life. The Goal of life is self- realization through virtues of love, compassion, devotion, truth, restrain and service.
(Pranav Pandya is the head of the World Gayatri Pariwar, Chancellor of Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya and director of Brahmavarchas Research Institute. Besides, he is the editor of Akhand Jyoti and president of Swami Vivekananda Yogvidya Mahapeetham)
Friday, 15 March 2019 | Pranav Pandya| in Devbhoomi Spiritual
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